However, the arrangement would end in disaster. Seymour was sexually inappropriate with Elizabeth, with his wife sometimes joining in. Elizabeth was sent away in disgrace, and her relationship with Seymour continued to haunt her. In , the recently widowed Seymour was arrested for treasonous behavior; many believed he intended to marry Elizabeth and claim the throne in her name.
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To prevent this, Elizabeth was quarantined, and her beloved governess thrown in jail. Worse was to come. According to many, Mary I had always despised her Protestant half sister. Elizabeth was thrown into the Tower of London, where her mother Anne Boleyn had died. I never thought to have come in here as prisoner!
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After three weeks in prison Elizabeth was banished for almost a year before Mary pardoned her. When Elizabeth finally became Queen in , she had already lived through several lifetimes. Three years after Elizabeth became Queen, Mary returned to her Scottish kingdom, newly widowed after a short reign as Queen consort of France.
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The coddled royal was neither prepared for the coarse Scots, nor the coldness of her cousin Elizabeth. But Elizabeth refused to formalize the arrangement. The public found the marriage shocking, and Mary was denounced as as an adulteress Bothwell had been married previously, so Catholics considered the marriage to Mary unlawful and a murderer. Soon, Mary was forced to abdicate the Scottish throne in favor of her one-year-old son and imprisoned. For Mary, her 19 years in captivity would be dull and repetitive, as she was shuffled from one minor English castle or manor to another.
Due to her rank, Elizabeth demanded Mary be kept in relative luxury with a small retinue of loyal servants to keep her company. But her years of boredom gave Mary ample opportunity to write her cousin letters, hoping to convince Elizabeth that they could be partners instead of enemies. Mary, Queen of Scots was convicted of treason on October 25, Since her birth, Elizabeth had repeatedly been taught the most important lesson for any successful royal ruler.
Almost all relationships—especially familial ones—are in the end, only political. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Elizabeth knelt befor her, Mary smiled, raised her up and embraced her. It seemed that they were to be friends.
Jane Grey and her husband Guildford were imprisoned in the Tower. And so began an even more dangerous time in the life of the Princess Elizabeth The persecuted Protestants saw Elizabeth as their savior, since she was seen as an icon of "the new faith". After all, it was to marry her mother Anne Boleyn that Henry instituted the break with Rome.
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When the rebels were captured for questioning, it became known that one of their plans was to have Elizabeth marry Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devon , to ensure an English succession to the throne. Thus, Elizabeth found herself implanted in a very dangerous political plot that was considered by some to be an extremely sinister method of placing her on the throne. However, the mere mention of her name by the rebels was enough to suggest that Elizabeth indeed had knowledge of the revolt. Elizabeth was not put on trial, but instead was taken as prisoner to the Tower of London. The thought of going to the place from where so few had returned, including her own mother, terrified her, and she initially refused to enter, declaring repeatedly that she was an innocent, loyal subject of the Queen.
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She did eventually yield, and on Sunday Mar 18, , Elizabeth was imprisoned in the Tower. The story of Elizabeth 's entry into the Tower is an interesting one.
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She was deathly pun intended afraid of the Tower, probably thinking of her mother's fate in that place, and when she was told she would be entering through Traitor's Gate, she refused to move. She had been secreted to the Tower in the dark so as not to raise the sympathy of supporters. That night was cold and rainy, and the Princess Elizabeth sat, soaking wet, on the stairs from the river to the gate. After her governess finally persuaded Elizabeth to enter, she did so and became yet another famous prisoner of the Tower of London.
Elizabeth stood in grave danger as her very existence was considered a threat to the Queen and to the Spanish marriage. Renard urged her execution. Elizabeth was no longer seen as a significant threat when Mary had become pregnant, and she decided that Elizabeth should no longer be kept in the Tower of London in she was sent to the palace at Woodstock starting on 19th May, under the care of Sir Henry Bedingfield.
Elizabeth seems to have thought herself in some special danger, for she called to her gentleman usher as he left her and desired him with the rest of his company to pray for her: " For this night ", quoth she, " I think to die "'. The first night of the journey was spent at Richmond.
'Good Queen Bess'
Antoine de Noailles , although in disgrace with the Queen for dabbling in Wyatt 's treason, was still taking a close interest in the Princess and had picked up a rumour that two envoys from the Emperor were to meet her at Richmond on the following day and would ' lay before her the proposals for her marriage with the Duke of Savoy '.
In order to try to find out more about what was going on, de Noailles sent one of his agents to follow Elizabeth ' under the pretext of carrying her a present of apples ', but he had been misinformed. There were no envoys at Richmond, and Bedingfield got an early opportunity to prove his zeal by seizing the messenger and stripping him to his shirt. Mary Tudor was nearly 40 years old when the new of her "pregnancy" came. After a few months, her belly began to swell, but no baby was ever forthcoming.
Some modern historians think that she had a large ovarian cyst, and this is also what lead to her failing health and eventual death in Nov After Elizabeth , the most powerful claim to the throne resided in the name of Mary, Queen of Scots , who had not long before married Francois , the French heir to the throne and enemy of Spain.
Elizabeth had survived and was finally Queen of England, crowned on 14 Jan Elizabeth I was crowned by Owen Oglethorpe, Bishop of Carlisle , because the more senior prelates did not recognise her as the Sovereign, and, apart from the archbishopric of Canterbury, no less than eight sees were vacant. Of the remainder, Bishop White of Winchester had been confined to his house by royal command for his sermon at Cardinal Pole 's funeral; and the Queen had an especial enmity toward Edmund Bonner, Bishop of London.
With a touch of irony, she had ordered Bonner to lend his richest vestments to Oglethorpe for the coronation. Elizabeth had a rigorous education. She was fluent in six languages, including Latin, Greek, French, and Italian. She once remarked to an Ambassador that she knew many languages better than her own. She was taught theology, history, philosophy, sewing, and rhetoric. She also loved such activities as hunting, riding, dancing, and playing.
As a girl, she was often thought of as very serious, and she had inherited characteristics of both her mother and father such as cleverness and firmness. Elizabeth was incredibly intelligent, and admired her tutor Ascham , who remarked that she had the intelligence of a man, for it was her memory and intellect that distinguished her above others, men and women alike. Queen Elizabeth had many things to deal with when she became ruler of England. Mary and previous rulers had left the state virtually bankrupt, and England was in need of some sort of religious mediation.
She cut back on royal expenses, encouraging her court to purchase her expensive gifts such as elaborate dresses and jewelry to win her affections and to invite her to stay with them. She even encouraged pirating and men like Sir Francis Drake at times to increase the wealth of England, for, if England was rich, she did not care where the wealth came from.
Religion was a subject requiring immediate attention as well, for as much as Elizabeth was a Protestant like her half-brother and father, she did not want to acquire the reputation her half-sister Mary did while Queen. Her religious settlement, known as the Elizabethan Settlement, declared that she did not care what men believed, just so long as they attended the Church of England. She also passed the Act of Supremacy , declaring herself supreme governor of the church rather than the supreme head. On subjects such as religion, she became a master of ambiguity. Elizabeth enjoyed taking to the Thames in her magnificent state barge, served by twenty oarsmen, or a smaller barge covered with satin awnings and pillows of cloth of gold.
Elizabeth faced another question upon her arrival to the throne: marriage and succession. She had many suitors , domestic and foreign. She was able to use her unmarried state to her advantage, for Spain could not make war on England in France was courting Elizabeth and visa versa as well. She entertained many proposals.
If she married domestically, she again would be forced to choose, for she could not appease everyone. Her favorite at home appeared to be Robert Dudley , a childhood friend, and it seemed for a long that she would marry Dudley. Elizabeth never did marry, taking on the image of a virgin and nicknames such as Gloriana , Bess , and Virgin Mary. She created her own following and religion in a way. Any talk of the succession presupposed Elizabeth 's death, and this was one subject the Queen could not bear to contemplate.
After the execution oh his mother, Mary Stuart , King James of Scotland wrote to the Queen , Nov , trying to have a written promise from Elizabeth that he, James , be declared her rightful heir. James angered her with his importuning.